By James W. Gould
There's a universal trust that until eventually lately american citizens have hottest isolation to curiosity in distant parts equivalent to Southeast Asia. This thesis might be confirmed by way of studying the background of yank family members with a spot at the contrary aspect of the globe from the us. this type of land is Sumatra. it's one of many biggest islands on this planet. Its I66,789 sq. mile region exceeds that of the 3rd greatest American kingdom, California, and is bigger than Italy. mendacity midway worldwide from the us, its I050 mile size is nearly divided by means of the equator, which runs throughout it for 285 miles. Sumatra's strategic significance is two-fold. first of all, it's the first island stepping stone from the Asiatic mainland into the Australasian archipelago. This was once validated in I942 while the USA stationed planes on Sumatra in an try and stem the japanese improve southward. Secondly, it lies athwart the shortest sea routes from jap Asia to Europe and the japanese usa. Sumatra's southern tip types one facet of the Straits of Sunda which guards the entry to the Java, China and Philippine Seas. on the island's northern tip is the doorway to the Straits of Malacca, the shortest sea lane be tween the close to and much East. the hole of the Suez Canal in I869 shifted the shortest path among the a ways East and the Western international from the Sunda to the Malacca Straits.
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906-947, Vol. II, pp. 247-248, 257-258; 1940, Vol. II, pp. 288-300. 54 Knorr, pp. 179, 181-182; Allen, G. C. and Donnithorne, A. , Western Enterprise in Indonesia and Malaya (New York: Macmillan, 1957), pp. 170-171. 48 49 22 AMERICANS IN SUMATRA Also under Billiton management the great plant poured its first tin on April 2, 1942, using stockpiled Indonesian ore. 55 Following World War II Indonesian mining operations were resumed with two American dredges, the first launched in Florida on October 26, 1946, and the second on January 4, 1947, and towed to Indonesia.
246-247; Fowler, p. 154; Heyne, I, pp. 202-204. 85 Medan Des. 3, p. 13; Kidd, pp. 27-29, 52-54; Burkill, I, pp. 69-70; Metcalf, pp. 73-75; Heyne, I, pp. 183186. INTERDEPENDENCE OF SUMATRA AND THE UNITED STATES 35 thirds of Indonesian production, the island supplies only about two percent of American imports today. Tea Although tea had been exported from Java to the United States for years, it was not until I909 that it was commercially cultivated in Sumatra, in the highlands above the Deli tobacco districts of the East Coast, and I9I5 when it was first harvested there.
Only the most wealthy Oriental potentates could afford to burn the spermacetti whale candles imported from America. Kerosene was not only so cheap that every man could afford it, but it was not smoky. The event that caused this revolution was the discovery of oil in Pennsylvania, at Drake's Well, on August 27, 1859. Not long after this, the first kerosene was being shipped to the antipodes. It is claimed that in 1859 already 1,000 gallons of kerosene were sent to Australia, though the first authenticated export from America was in 1861, to Europe.